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Trebisacce (CS)

The balcony of the High Ionian

Trebisacce, a village on the Costa degli Achei, owes its name to the Byzantine word Trapezàkion, meaning small table, in reference to the plateau on which the village was built.
The expansive road and sea networks between the various poleis of Magna Graecia helped to promote the economic and social growth of Trebisacce. Moreover, thanks to its ideal strategic position offering the possibility to retreat on Monte Mostarico and its immediate proximity to the sea, Trebisacce was a control point and the only means of communication between Metaponto and Sybaris.
 
Trebisacce is commonly referred to as the Balcony of the High Ionian because, from its terraces, you can gaze out across the extraordinary panorama of the Gulf, the Ionian Sea, and the plains of Sybaris and Metaponto.
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Thanks to its terraces, from which you can admire the extraordinary panorama of the plains of Sybaris and Metaponto, this village is commonly referred to as the Balcony of the High Ionian.
 

Its lush hills, crystal clear sea waters, and year-round mild climate offer visitors a myriad of superb routes boasting outstanding panoramas. The routes are scattered between the coast and the heights of the Pollino, with the town being one of the most picturesque gateways to the Pollino National Park.
The centre is divided into the ancient area located on a plateau, known as the Paese, and the modern Marina area which is situated along the Ionic coast.

 
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The historic centre is surrounded by walls built in the 16th century to defend the town from Saracen raids. In ancient times the walls, or ramparts, were accessible through the four gates of San Leonardo, Annunziata, San Martino, and Sant'Antonio, respectively. Of the four gates, the Annunziata gate is the only one still intact.
The Mother Church in the historic centre dedicated to Saint Nicholas of Mira, a much-worshipped saint of oriental origin, is also well worth a visit. The church is a testament to the strong relationship between the art, history, and culture of the East and West that has left its mark in this area. The trullo-shaped dome and the bell tower with its cusped tower and internal pendentives are among the church's characteristic features.
Also of great historical interest is the archaeological area in Broglio, where remnants of a Hellenic necropolis and Mycenaean artefacts have been unearthed.
The seafront of the Marina is a very popular area of the town and contains a statue of Saint Francis of Paola, protector of sailors.
The beach of Trebisacce consists of a long and narrow strip of sand and shingles with a palm tree-lined promenade. The waters, which have been awarded a prestigious Blue Flag, are crystal clear and transparent, making the beach an ideal spot for relaxing and swimming.

 
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The Ludovica Noia Ethnographic Museum

The rural culture of Trebisacce is told through one of its most precious products: olive oil. The Museo Ludovico Noia dell'Arte Olearia e della Cultura contadina (Ludovico Noia Museum of Oil Art and Peasant Culture) was built in a restored ancient oil mill in the historic centre of the village. Divided into three large rooms, it exhibits tools for pressing olives, oil tanks, and rural objects complete with captions that explain the various stages.
Alongside its activity of collecting and preserving historical mementos, the Museum carries out numerous educational initiatives, study days, research, and documentation tasks. The areas of interest are mainly historical, linguistic, and anthropological, and are aimed at promoting and studying the oil, its importance, and its certification.

 
The rampart

This 16th-century walled enclosure was built to defend the town against Turkish incursions and originally had four entrance gates. The Porta dell'Annunziata is the only gate of the defensive system that has remained undamaged over the centuries and is the gate through which the village was accessed after climbing a long staircase. The other gates defending Trebisacce were those of San Leonardo, San Martino, and Sant’Antonio.
The city walls played an important role in the defensive system of the coast, together with the Torre Saracena and the Torre Piano dei Monaci.

 
Church of San Nicola di Mira

The Mother Church of San Nicola di Mira dates back to 1040 and is located in the heart of the historic centre of Trebisacce. With a typically Byzantine dome and bell tower, its interior has three naves which were remodelled in the Baroque period and in 1792.
The major restoration in 1994 brought to light an ancient statue of Saint Anthony the Abbot and an enchanting poplar wood crucifix which was restored in 1997. Equally worth mentioning are the 1784 altarpiece depicting the Holy Trinity located in the right hand aisle, the fresco of Saint Nicholas of Bari on the high altar, and the 19th-century statues in the left hand aisle.

 
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Archaeological Park of Broglio

The protohistoric settlement of Broglio di Trebisacce stands on a spur-shaped hill overlooking the plain of Sybaris, with a total area of about 11 hectares. It consists of several terraces and secluded high areas such as the Acropolis plateau and the hill of the Castle. Throughout the thousand year life of the town, these areas were undoubtedly part of the same settlement.
One of these rudimentary structures has been reproduced on the site in order to help visitors better understand the type of housing used in these first human settlements.
Among the many artefacts discovered there are several fragments of vessels that were undeniably manufactured by the Mycenaeans, thus giving evidence of a migratory flow from the Hellenic area long before the colonisation of Magna Graecia. This is a fundamental discovery that gives the village of Broglio a prominent position in southern Italy in terms of the historical reconstruction of the 2nd millennium BC.

 
The Biondo Tardivo Orange

In a quest to find a crop that could thrive in the local climate, a particular variety of orange that ripens later than the more commonly grown varieties was imported from Portugal. Among the products of Italian excellence, the Biondo tardivo, which is today one of the most important products of the entire Trebisacce area, boasts the title of PAT (Prodotto Agroalimentare Tradizionale).
 The oranges of Trebisacce are grown in an area covering around 1000 hectares named I Giardini (the Gardens), situated in the southernmost part of the municipality. The oranges are ready for picking in April.
This particular variety of orange, which has found optimal climatic and soil conditions in the region's magnificent groves, has a unique seasonality that sees the fruit ripen between March and May. The climate of the High Ionian, protected by the Pollino Massif  which acts as a shield against the icy currents, combined with the characteristics of the soil delay the ripening of the oranges which are left on the plant until late spring.
 The strong link between its cultivation and the local culture have led to the creation of a festival in celebration of the Biondo Tardivo which takes place in Trebisacce in May. During the festival, the spotlight is placed on this delicious citrus fruit which plays an important role in showcasing the beauty of the area. Interesting initiatives ranging from tastings and tours of the orange groves to meetings and insights regarding the history and characteristics of the fruit are important ways of promoting the fruit's high quality and its valuable contributions to the local economy.

 
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Address Piazza della Repubblica
  87075 Trebisacce (CS)
Phone number 0981 550211
Fax 0981 58388
Website http://www.comune.trebisacce.cs.it/
 

 

The Ionian town was  awarded the Blue Flag once again in 2017. For the fourth consecutive year, Trebisacce was awarded for good environmental practices as well as education and information activities and environmentally friendly behaviors.

The renowned eco-label is awarded by FEE Italia (Foundation for Environmental Education) for high quality water, beaches, facilities and environmental  security and engagement in teaching/learning  educational principles. 

The landmark of the town is the Bastion, the wall system built to protect the ancient village from Turk raids in the 16th century. It could be accessed only from four gates: Annunziata, San Martino, San Leonardo and Sant’Antonio

The Bastion is renowned for its beauty and height. Also known as the “Balcony on the Ionian Sea”, from there visitors can enjoy a wonderful view of the Sibari Plain and the entire Gulf of Taranto.

One of the most ancient churches in Trebisacce is the Main Church of San Nicola di Mira. The original 11th building was an example of Byzantine religious architecture. The church has kept many original elements such as the circular roof-tiled dome and a Basilian bell tower with a polygonal pinnacle. Inside, the three nave church was restored many times and, in 1994, a wooden Christ and an ancient statue of Saint Anthony the Abbot were discovered. 

The Museo dell’Arte olearia e della Cultura contadina "Ludovico Noia" (Museum of Oil Milling and Rural Culture dedicated to Ludovico Noia) is located in the ancient town. The museum building, that once housed an oil mill called “u trappitu ‘i Cinchillibre”, has three large rooms where visitors can come in touch with rural culture. The museum is run by the Association named A.O.P.C.A. “L. Noia”, and displays olive milling tools, oil tanks and objects related to rural culture.

Tourists can also visit the Archeological Museum in Broglio di Trebisacce. The Broglio site has a remarkable historic importance because of the discovery of a Protohistoric village dating back to Middle Bronze Age – Iron Age. An ancient dwelling  was reproduced to make visitors understand the characteristics of the houses that stood there.  Several artifacts and pottery fragments of Mycenaean vases are displayed, and they are evidences of Greek migrations prior to Magna Graecia colonization. 



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